By many this book is considered the definitive source – The Bible – of Hawaiian outrigger canoes. Covering a historical perspective of Hawaiian canoe design from pre-contact to modern times. Fully illustrated with color pictures, historical artwork, and ‘to-scale’ drawings of actual canoes from the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. No longer in print, but a must have for anyone passionate about Hawaiian outrigger canoes.
Last week I left Hilo on Hawaiian Airlines on my way home to Kauai; each time I fly Hawaiian I look forward to the latest copy of Hana Hou!, the airlines in-flight magazine. In this latest edition (April/May 2013) the story that caught my attention was “Who Needs A Bigger Boat? Two-hundred-pound ‘ahi vs. fourteen-foot piece of plastic: the thrill of kayak fishing”. It was a great article about a minimalistic approach to fishing – just you, a few poles, and a small craft propelled by your own muscles! Many of these kayak fishers will even go several miles off-shore in pursuit of their prey!
At one point in the story Isaac Brumaghim, a kayak fisherman living on Oahu, mentions “Canoe racing was a part of my Hawaiian culture, and I really took pride in that… I tried fishing off a one-man outrigger, but those canoes are expensive and fragile and there’s not really enough room.” …That was it. That sentence is the catalyst for this website – the call to action that I’ve decided to follow!
Outrigger canoes are expensive! Explore the islands of Hawaii and you rarely see outrigger canoes outside of Canoe Clubs or Waikiki. I haven’t traveled the South Pacific very much – but I have visited Fiji, Samoa, and Nauru. Go into any village along the coast and you’ll see small outrigger canoes made for fishing – made for daily use.
Look around Hawaii and you’ll mostly see expensive canoes made for racing! Now don’t get me wrong, outrigger canoe racing is a great sport. I don’t want to limit the number of racing canoes, I want to increase the number of fishing/surfing canoes!
Let me back up a few years. From 2005-2010 I lived in Hilo on Hawaii Island (aka: the Big Island). Shortly after moving there I met Tevita Kunato – a wood carver/artist born in Papua New Guinea. I can’t remember exactly when but some time in 2009 he decided to make a traditional island outrigger canoe – so he walked into a friends back acreage, cut down a tree, built a tarp tent over it, and went to work! Using an adze, fire, chainsaw, chisels, and a lot of sweat, he carved out a canoe! I was there the day we pulled it “out of the bush” and put it in the water at Reeds Bay in Hilo (click here). The long and the short of it was that he decided to build a canoe and within a month or so he did it! Since then he’s built several more – and sold them too!
Sitting around the tanoa (kava bowl) at our friend Fong’s house we’d talk about designs and what to do differently, lamenting the fact that there are so few outrigger canoes in Hawaii. We even bought a set of plans online for the WakaAma Canoe – a Selway-Fisher Design. Unlike Tevita, I usually have to mull over an idea for a long time, then talk about it even longer, before I finally take action. So here it is several years later… BUT it is time to take action!
I have several resources I’ll post about: The Hawaiian Canoe by Tommy Holmes; Building Outrigger Sailing Canoes by Gary Dierking; the plans for building the strip-plank canoe Ulua by Gary Dierking; the plans for the WakaAma mentioned earlier; and I’ll be posting my progress as I build Hawaiian style outrigger canoes. The goal is to create a design that can be built easily and affordably; one that can be used for fishing and surfing. There will probably be at least two different designs: a one-man and a 2-3 man canoe. Like my friend Tevita I’ll try to jump in and just get to work…